The unknown story of the first Cryptocurrency- Bitcoin


Cryptocurrency is one of the most debated financial topics worldwide. But do you know the volatile history of cryptocurrency, especially Bitcoin? This post will take you back to when it started and how Bitcoin became the strongest cryptocurrency today.

Let’s dive in.

The Start of Bitcoin

Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency launched in 2009 by a group of anonymous computer programmers under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto.

The blockchain architecture that serves as the backbone of the cryptocurrency industry was available to the public in a 2008 white paper by Bitcoin’s unknown designer. Additionally, to secure information, a blockchain is an electronic record of transactions copied and distributed over a network of computer systems.

The Core Concept of Bitcoin

1. Block-

The block is a collection of Bitcoin transactions performed over a specific period. Furthermore, miners validate the transactions and get the money for newly minted BTC.

2. Bitcoin currency.

Each Bitcoin can be divided into eight places for decimals. A millibitcoin (mBTC) is one-thousandth of a Bitcoin. Furthermore, the smallest value is a satoshi (sat), one hundred millionths of a Bitcoin.

3. Transaction.

A computer command in the form “payer X sends Y Bitcoin to the receiver Z.”

4. Blockchain.

Each transaction makes an unbroken chain connection.  Moreover, this open public chain allows Bitcoin to grow and function. Additionally, all blocks of transactions link to the previous blocks of transactions, hence the term “blockchain.”

5. Mining.

Independent people or groups perform time-consuming and costly computer calculations to produce a block.

6. The block hash.

Mining includes a record-keeping service that ensures the blockchain remains constant. Moreover, the hashes verify the available Bitcoin and reward miners evenly.

7. Blockchain identifier.

A string of 25–34 alphanumeric characters. This is what is provided to other parties for them to know where to transfer the currency. They are anonymous because the address safeguards personally identifiable information while the blockchain remains public. Numerous laws protect privacy in cryptocurrency exchanges, such as taking private data.

Additionally, each transaction has a separate Bitcoin address.

8. Wallet.

Any individual or entity intending to swap Bitcoin (rather than storing it on an exchange in someone else’s custody) must first build a digital collection of the information required to transact Bitcoin, known as a wallet.

9. Full Clients.

This is an electronic wallet that has a complete copy of the blockchain. Other than offline or “cold storage,” this is the safest, but it demands significant digital space.

10. Lightweight clients.

This wallet includes a shorter version of the blockchain to be portable on devices like smartphones. Because the whole blockchain is not available, a user of a lightweight wallet must rely on intermediaries with full wallets.

11. Keys.

These are the login details available in your wallet. Additionally, each transaction includes two keys, the same as the safe deposit box.

  • Public. This technology requires protection and retrieves transactions. It is “one way,” which means it easily enables transactions, but you cannot undo them. Moreover, this key ensures that the blockchain remains active.
  • Private. These are the passcodes that the transacting parties use for unique transactions. To spend Bitcoin, you must first know your private key and sign the transaction electronically. Additionally, the public key validates the party’s signature without revealing the secret key.

If a party loses its key, the Bitcoin in the wallet is useless because it is unrecognizable and inaccessible. According to Chainalysis, a blockchain intelligence company, those who lost the private key lost nearly 20% of Bitcoins. Furthermore, if the private critical leakes in a security breach, the value of Bitcoins will quickly get into the wrong hands. Hence, cryptocurrency investors suffered a record $3.8 billion loss to hackers in 2022.

12. Cold storage. Private keys are available offline to avoid loss or exposure to a security breach.

What Future Holds for Bitcoin?

Blockchain technology may hold the key to establishing what content is AI-driven vs. unique human, a distinction that could significantly impact public acceptance of AI.

According to Marion Laboure, senior economist at Deutsche Bank Research, despite the setbacks, blockchain technology is here to stay. According to Laboure, the $1.2 trillion crypto market valuation for digital gold is too large to ignore.